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Institute for Wetland & Environmental Education & Research

Wetland Primer


This primer is an introduction to wetlands. It provides an overview of some major topics about wetlands such as wetland definitions, hydrophytic vegetation, hydric soil, wetland identification, wetland classification and common types, wetland functions, wetland status and trends, and wetland protection and restoration.

For more information consult:
In Search of Swampland: A Wetland Sourcebook and Field Guide (R.Tiner, 1999) published by Rutgers University Press, or
"Wetlands" (W. Mitsch and J. Gosselink, 1993), a college textbook published by Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Chapter 1: What Are Wetlands?
Chapter 2: What is Hydrophytic Vegetation?
Chapter 3: What is Hydric Soil?
Chapter 4: How Are Wetlands Identified?
Chapter 5: What Types of Wetlands Exist in the United States?
Chapter 6: Why Are Wetlands Important?
Chapter 7: What is the Current State of Wetlands in the United States?
Chapter 8: How Are Wetlands Being Protected?
Chapter 9: What Can You Do To Improve Wetlands?